Napoleon organized the first invasion, the one illustrated was the second. You will be amazed to know who was behind it, what it was for and who took part. The list of belligerents is impressive: Britain, the United States, France, Japan, India, Canada (yes, Canada), Greece, Czechoslovakia, and many more. While the world was getting over WWI and the Spanish Flu, these Allied armies were trying to crush the Bolshevik revolution.
Wikipedia suggests the intervention in the Russian civil war was primarily designed to block supplies getting to Germany. This is dissembling since the intervention continued well after the war was over. No, the real reason was political.
The Bolsheviks were a breakaway faction that split from the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. They considered themselves the leaders of the revolutionary working class of the world. Practically every government agreed they represented a threat to world order and had to be stopped.
The intervention failed for lack of leadership, supplies, manpower and direction, and from general war-weariness, and the Allies withdrew in 1920. Since we lost this particular war, the whole episode was thrown down the memory hole. It was almost as if it hadn’t happened.
Britain recognized the Soviet Union February, 8, 1924, severed relations on May 26, 1927 and re-established relations October 3, 1929. The United States waited until November 16, 1933. What this means is that just eight years before the German invasion of the Soviet Union June 22, 1941, the United States considered the Soviet Union an illegal regime, which just 13 years earlier it tried to overthrow it by force.
Is it any wonder some Britons and Americans thought their country was on the wrong side when they began sending supplies to the very government they earlier thought was run by criminals.
What is even more astounding is the opprobrium heaped on Germany for trying to do what the Allies had tried to do. The Communists were still there in Moscow, fomenting world revolution, but now suddenly they were our friends and getting rid of them was a crime against humanity.
Our image of a benign Uncle Joe defending the Motherland against the Nazi hoards, is entirely based on wartime propaganda. In fact Stalin was a bloody dictator responsible for the deaths of as many as 60 Million people.
I’ll conclude with an analogy suitable for the current pandemic. You can think of Communism as a kind of virus which, in its original form, has mostly died out. Unfortunately, it mutated in Frankfurt, Germany into Cultural Marxism, which emigrated to the United States after Hitler rose to power.
There it festered and grew into what became the women’s movement, the abortion movement, the gay rights movement, the transgendered movement and political correctness. Look around you at society today. Our failure to crush the Bolsheviks in 1920, and the German failure to crush the Soviet Union in 1941, have led to the social morass we are in today.
The Russians got rid of Communism in 1989, but we’re still stuck with it, in its more insidious and dangerous form. There are lessons here we should reflect upon.